The importance of smart embedded systems in Industry 4.0

The development of Industry 4.0 is the combination of hardware and software into smart embedded systems will be greatly resting in Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications. However, sometimes those smart devices are generally referred to as a whole scale with blurred barriers, where it is difficult to establish when one element ends and the other starts. For example, during the first years of development of this concept, Internet of Things (IoT) was proposed to refer just to uniquely identifiable interoperable connected objects with Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) technology. Later on, however, as the connectivity of these networks were getting bigger and including new technologies (Narrowband IoT – NB-IoT, LoRa, Wifi, ESP microcontrollers, Raspberry Pi, and others) and concepts, the term was growing with it to include all these innovations, applied to measure, identify, position, track and monitor objects, referring now to IoT more as a dynamic global network where self-conscious objects connect with each other. In this new context where Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) can be considered the proper “brains” inside industry 4.0, one way to establish some frontiers can be to consider IoT as the global framework where identification and sensor technologies become integrated with interpretation technologies like CPS [1].

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